14 Countries With Green Yellow Red Flag (Pan-African colors)

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With the achievement of independence after World War II, about 12 African countries adopted the use of green yellow red colors of their flags which were later known as the Pan-African movement and PAIGC colors. Other countries that also use the same color are the Republic of Lithuania located in the Baltic region of Europe and Bolivia in central-south America.

What does the green, yellow and red color flag mean and symbolizes

The color green yellow red is known as the pan-African or the Rasta color flag. If you look at all the flags of the African continent, the first thing that will attract your attention is that many are similar due to the colors Green, Yellow, Red, or Red, Black, Green. Each of these colors has a meaning and they were adopted after the independence of the majority of sub-Saharan African countries in the 1960s.

Thus, black clearly represents the skin color of the majority of the inhabitants of these countries. Green represents the huge forests and nature of the continent. Red recalls the blood of those who died to achieve the independence of each country, as well as those who were enslaved since the 16th century. Finally, yellow represents the mineral wealth of Africa, which was so coveted by Europeans.

The Pan-African colors are derived in turn from a historical flag: that of the oldest country in Africa, Ethiopia, which was an empire from the 13th century until 1974. It had the colors green, yellow, and red with a lion in the center. This country was one of two that survived European colonization in the 19th century (the other was Liberia, protected by the United States) and was only occupied by fascist Italy for a few years, between 1936 and 1941.

List of Green Yellow Red flag Country (Pan-African colors)

What does the the green yellow and red color mean and represent in country national flag?  Green represents the huge forests and nature of the continent. Red recalls the blood of those who died to achieve the independence of each country, as well as those who were enslaved since the 16th century. Finally, yellow represents the mineral wealth of Africa, which was so coveted by Europeans.
CountryAdopted YearFlagMeaning
Ethiopia06 February 1996ethiopia-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african colorThe new emblem is intended to represent both the diversity and unity of the country. The red color is for power and faith; the yellow for church, peace, natural wealth, and love; green stands for land and hope; the star is said to represent diversity and unity, and the sun’s rays symbolize prosperity. Read More
MaliApril 4, 1959mali-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african colorThe green is a symbol of the nation's fertile lands. Yellow represents purity and the mineral wealth of Mali. The red color symbolizes the bloodshed for independence from the French. Read More
SenegalAdopted in the year 1960senegal-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african colorGreen is regarded as the color of the Prophet, The yellow color of the flag is believed to symbolize wealth, The red color in Senegal’s flag represents the sacrifice and the color of life. Read More
Lithuania25 April 1918lithuania-green-yellow-red-flagYellow is symbolic of the country's wheat fields; green symbolic of the forests and red symbolizes patriotism. Collectively the colors represent hope for the future, freedom from oppression, and the incredible courage of the Lithuanian people. Read More
BeninAdopted in 1959benin-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african colorThe colors are designed to represent the natural beauty of the country, including the Savannah to the north and the palm groves located to the south. The flag also symbolizes the bloodshed by those who fought for the nation. The colors are also a tribute to the Pan- Africa NIST movement and are used by other African nations as a sign of unity. Read More
TogoApril 27, 1960togo-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african colorThe red of that field is said to represent the bloodshed by countrymen during the internal struggle for independence. Green is symbolic of the country's agricultural wealth, while yellow is symbolic of mineral wealth. the five horizontal stripes represent the five regions of Togo. Read More
GuineaNovember 10, 1958guinea-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african colorThe flag features the Pan African colors of red, yellow, and green. Red symbolizes the struggle for independence, yellow represents the sun and the riches of the land, while green is symbolic of the country's vegetation. Read More
Cameroon3 September 1990cameroon-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african colorThe color red stands for unity, yellow represents the sun and the savannas located in the northern part of Cameroon, and the green is symbolic of the forests located to the south. There is also a yellow star featured in the center of the flag. Read More
GhanaAdopted in 1957ghana-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african colorRed is symbolic of the nation’s fight for independence, the yellow gold is a symbol of the country’s mineral wealth, and green is a symbol of the country’s natural wealth. The fourth color is black, which represents emancipation, and is used as the color for the star in the center of the flag. Read More
Guinea-BissauSeptember 24, 1973,guinea-bissau-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african colorThe flag's black star is symbolic of African unity, yellow stands for the sun, green is hope, and red represents the bloodshed during the long struggle for independence from Portugal. Read More
Burkina Faso4 August 1984.burkina-faso-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african colorThe top band is red and represents the revolution of the nation. The green band below is symbolic of the nation’s natural wealth and agriculture. The star in the center of the flag is yellow and is meant to represent the guiding light of the revolution. Read More
CongoAdopted in in 1958congo-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african colorEach color symbolizes a geographical or historical aspect of the Republic of Congo. The yellow band represents friendship and the nobility of the Congolese people while the green band represents the agriculture and rich forests of Congo. The red color is associated with blood to symbolize the struggle of independence. Read More
BoliviaOctober 31, 1851bolivia-green-yellow-red-flagRed symbolizes the brave soldiers of Bolivia, green for fertility, and yellow as the nation's mineral deposits. Read More
Sao Tome and PríncipeNovember 5, 1975sao-tome-and-príncipe-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african colorThe red triangle symbolizes that hard-fought struggle for independence and the two black stars represent the country's two main islands. The green, yellow, and black are the Pan-African colors. Read More

The Ethiopia flag:

ethiopia-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african color
ethiopia-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african color

Flag of Ethiopia. The flag of Ethiopia was adopted on 28 August 2009. The three colors traditional green, yellow and red date back to Emperor Menelik ( 1889 – 1913 ) and was first used on a flag in 1897.

The Ethiopian flag changed several times over the years, but the three colors have existed since the early 19th century. The flag with the three stripes: green, yellow, and red, was used since 1897, after the battle of Adwa against Italia. Anexada by Italy on 1 as June as 1936. The old flag with the Lion of Judah comes from a flag used in the Jubilee Palace and is the official symbol.

The Provisional Administrative Council (PMAC) or Derg, removed the crown from the head of the Lion of Judah and replaced the cross with a spear, calling this emblem “Lion of Ethiopia”. In 1987 through a referendum, Ethiopia becomes a People’s Democratic Republic, Meghistu is confirmed as president. The country is divided into 24 administrative regions and 5 autonomous regions, the original and still widely used flag.

What does the Ethiopia Flag Mean and Represent:

Colors are interpreted in different ways. The official symbolism:

  • Green represents the fertility of the country’s soils.
  • Yellow represents love of the country.
  • Red represents strength and reminds us of the blood that was shed in the fight against the oppressors.

At the same time, the colors represent the most important parts of the country :

  • Green for Shewa
  • Yellow for Amhara
  • Tiger Net

In addition, the religious sector, the attributed interpretation refers to the Christian Trinity. Thereafter,

  • Green by the Holy Spirit
  • Yellow for God the Father
  • Red for the son

At the same time, the colors symbolize the Christian virtues of hope (green), charity (yellow) and Faith (red).

Under the Empire the colors were attributed as follows:

  • Green was the symbol of the country or of hope
  • Yellow represented the church, peace, natural wealth, and love
  • Red was the color of the power of the blood of patriots and of faith

The emblem in the middle strip of the flag shows a star five points of equal length radiating “spokes”. This is a symbol of the equality of all ethnic and gender groups and faith. The rays represent a bright future for Ethiopia, the blue background represents peace and democracy. Read more about the Ethiopia flag here

Mali flag

mali-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african color
mali-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african color

The Malian national flag was adopted on April 4, 1959. It is a tricolor with three equal vertical stripes. From the hoist, the colors are green, gold, and red, the pan-African colors. The flag of Mali is almost identical to the flag of Guinea, with the exception that the colors are in reverse order.

The green is a symbol of the nation’s fertile lands. Yellow represents purity and the mineral wealth of Mali. The red color symbolizes the bloodshed for independence from the French.

Senegal flag:

senegal-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african color
senegal-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african color

The flag of Senegal (French: le Drapeau du Sénégal) is a tricolor consisting of three vertical green, yellow and red bands charged with a five-pointed green star at the center. Adopted in 1960, it has been the flag of the Republic of Senegal since the country gained independence that year.

Green is regarded as the color of the Prophet, The yellow color of the flag is believed to symbolize wealth, The red color in Senegal’s flag represents the sacrifice and the color of life. The colors also represent the three political parties that merged to form the Senegalese Progressive Union.

Lithuania flag

lithuania-green-yellow-red-flag
lithuania-green-yellow-red-flag

The flag of Lithuania consists of a horizontal tricolor of yellow, green, and red. It was adopted on 25 April 1918 during Lithuania’s first period of independence from 1918 to 1940, which ceased with the occupation first by Soviet Russia and Lithuania’s annexation into the Soviet Union, and then by Nazi Germany.

The flag was reprised after it gained independence in 1991. Yellow is symbolic of the country’s wheat fields; green symbolic of the forests and red symbolizes patriotism. Collectively the colors represent hope for the future, freedom from oppression, and the incredible courage of the Lithuanian people.

Benin flag

benin-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african color
benin-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african color

The national flag of the Republic of Benin consists of two horizontal yellow and red bands on the fly side and a green vertical band at the hoist. Adopted in 1959 to replace the French Tricolor, it was the flag of the Republic of Dahomey until 1975, when the People’s Republic of Benin was established.

The colors are designed to represent the natural beauty of the country, including the Savannah to the north and the palm groves located to the south. The flag also symbolizes the bloodshed by those who fought for the nation. The colors are also a tribute to the Pan- Africa NIST movement and are used by other African nations as a sign of unity.

Togo flag

togo-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african color
togo-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african color

The flag of Togo was officially adopted on April 27, 1960. It has five equal horizontal bands of green (top and bottom) alternating with yellow. There is a white five-pointed star on a red square in the upper hoist-side corner.

The red of that field is said to represent the bloodshed by countrymen during the internal struggle for independence. Green is symbolic of the country’s agricultural wealth, while yellow is symbolic of mineral wealth. the five horizontal stripes represent the five regions of Togo.

Guinea flag

guinea-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african color
guinea-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african color

The national flag of Guinea was adopted on November 10, 1958. The flag features the Pan African colors of red, yellow, and green. Red symbolizes the struggle for independence, yellow represents the sun and the riches of the land, while green is symbolic of the country’s vegetation.

Cameroon flag

cameroon-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african color
cameroon-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african color

The national flag of Cameroon was adopted in its present form on 3 September 1990 after Cameroon became a unitary state. It is a vertical tricolor of green, red and yellow, with a five-pointed star in its center. Cameroon was the second nation to use Pan-African colors in its flag. Cameroon’s flag is similar to other African countries’ flags including Guinea, Mali, and Senegal. The yellow star on this flag varies in size but is always located in the center of the red stripe.

The color red stands for unity, yellow represents the sun and the savannas located in the northern part of Cameroon, and the green is symbolic of the forests located to the south. There is also a yellow star featured in the center of the flag.

Ghana flag

ghana-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african color
ghana-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african color

The national flag of Ghana was designed by Theodosia Okoh and adopted in 1957, it was flown until 1962 and then reinstated in 1966. It consists of the Pan-African colors of red, gold(yellow), and green, in horizontal stripes, with a black five-pointed star in the center of the gold stripe.

Red is symbolic of the nation’s fight for independence, the yellow gold is a symbol of the country’s mineral wealth, and green is a symbol of the country’s natural wealth. The fourth color is black, which represents emancipation, and is used as the color for the star in the center of the flag.

Guinea-Bissau flag

guinea-bissau-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african color
guinea-bissau-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african color

The national flag of Guinea-Bissau was adopted on September 24, 1973, when independence from Portugal was proclaimed. It consists of three stripes where two of them are horizontal and one is vertical. Horizontal stripes have yellow and green colors, whereas the vertical one in the left part of the flag is red and it carries a black five-pointed star.

The flag’s black star is symbolic of African unity, yellow stands for the sun, green is hope, and red represents the bloodshed during the long struggle for independence from Portugal.

Burkina Faso flag

burkina-faso-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african color
burkina-faso-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african color

The national flag of Burkina Faso is formed by two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green, with a yellow five-pointed star resting in the center. It was adopted on 4 August 1984.

There are two horizontal bands making up the background of the flag. The top band is red and represents the revolution of the nation. The green band below is symbolic of the nation’s natural wealth and agriculture. The star in the center of the flag is yellow and is meant to represent the guiding light of the revolution.

Congo flag

congo-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african color
congo-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african color

The national flag of the Republic of the Congo consists of a yellow diagonal band divided diagonally from the lower hoist-side corner, with a green upper triangle and red lower triangle. The flag was adopted for the first time in 1958 when the so-called Middle Congo gained independence from France and an autonomous republic was created.

Each color symbolizes a geographical or historical aspect of the Republic of Congo. The yellow band represents friendship and the nobility of the Congolese people while the green band represents the agriculture and rich forests of Congo. The red color is associated with blood to symbolize the struggle for independence.

Bolivia flag

bolivia-green-yellow-red-flag
bolivia-green-yellow-red-flag

The national flag of Bolivia was originally adopted on October 31, 1851. The state flag and ensign (and war flag) is a horizontal tricolor of red, yellow, and green with the Bolivian coat of arms in the center. Red symbolizes the brave soldiers of Bolivia, green for fertility, and yellow as the nation’s mineral deposits.

Sao Tome and Príncipe flag

sao-tome-and-príncipe-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african color
sao-tome-and-príncipe-green-yellow-red-flag-pan-african color

The flag of São Tomé and Príncipe consists of a red triangle situated at the hoist, with three horizontal green, yellow and green bands charged with two five-pointed black stars at the center. Officially adopted on November 5, 1975, shortly after gaining its independence from Portugal.

The red triangle symbolizes that hard-fought struggle for independence and the two black stars represent the country’s two main islands. The green, yellow, and black are the Pan-African colors.

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